Human beings, from time immemorial, have lived in societies and tribes.
There is a well known saying: “No man is an island”.
Thinking about society and how it has evolved, it’s current state and it’s future is one of the main preoccupations of many writers and thinkers over the centuries.
When viewed from the viewpoint of an individual living in a society, it appears that individuals benefit the most from a variety of factors such as family and community.
As a side note, this approach of considering the well being of the individual is a product of the Enlightenment. Previous to this, the perspective of the individual was not considered much. Humans were seen more as groups of people belonging to certain tribes or communities.
It would definitely be interesting to me to learn about the private lives of people living in the ancient, medieval and early modern eras as it would provide a great perspective.