The rule of Augustus, the very first emperor of Rome, was said to be one of the greatest times in Roman history. He inaugurated two centuries of relative peace, known as Pax Romana.
His rule was a time when the political system in Rome had changed from that of a republic to an empire. The change was brought about largely by Julius Caesar’s war.
It is interesting to note how the people of Rome managed to hold on to a relative level of peace for two centuries beginning with Augustus after going through devastating civil wars, and of course, before going through more troubles after the contradictions built up during the two centuries manifested themselves in the form of more wars.