In programming, one of the common ways to produce the desired user interface is by filling in templates using some markup languages. These markup languages can be rendered into  a great user friendly format on browsers and other interfaces.


In the long history of India, there have appeared several kings who were highly trained in shastra (multidisciplinary sciences). Traditionally, kings underwent rigorous training in all the shastras.

The Kalyani Chalukya king, Someshvara III, wrote a voluminous encyclopedia in Sanskrit, known as Rajamanasollasa, in which he lists 100 different disciplines to be learned by kings.

Emperor Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara was also a prolific author who authored the Amuktamalyada.

In ancient times, many royals contributed to the Upanishads. Buddha himself was born a prince.


In programming, on occasion, optimization can be one of the last things taken into account.

In the long run, this could prove costly.

Many times, making a few small changes can catch a lot of love hanging fruits which really improves performance.


During the Golden Age of the Guptas, the change occurred from a mostly rural society to one where cities began to develop. One of the results of this development was the blooming of arts and aesthetics.

With Kalidasa, one finds an urban poet-playwright unparalleled in impact.

The science of aesthetics in the form of the Natya Shastra also began to be widely studied, implemented and improved.

Golden age

The age of the Guptas is known as the Golden age of India which lasted around four centuries. Travelers such as Fa Hien documented the life style of the people who lived in a mostly crime-free safe society as well as the standard of living.


In programming, having great tools is invaluable. Producing good quality tools and utilities is an important part of the software engineering life cycle.


In life, one is faced with multiple options and it is difficult to know choosing which option leads to the best results.

After having explained the ideas of dharma, karma, yoga among others, Krishna extraordinarily gives Arjuna the choice to do as he sees fit.

iti te jñānam ākhyātaṁ guhyād guhyataraṁ mayā
vimṛiśhyaitad aśheṣheṇa yathechchhasi tathā kuru

This can be roughly translated as:

Thus, I have explained to you this knowledge that is more secret than all secrets. Ponder over it deeply, and then do as you wish.

– Bhagavad Gita, 18.63

Melting pot

Historically, India has been the recipient of innumerable populations from all over the world. During ancient times, it was a melting pot of similarly aligned cultures.

After the coming of Alexander in 326 BC, a contingent of Greeks remained in northwest India.

The ancient Greeks and the ancient Indians followed similar systems of worship. It is thus not surprising that the Indo-Greeks  eventually adopted the customs and philosophies of India. Menander I (Milinda), for example, was a patron of Buddhism.

Later on the Indo-Scythians and the Kushans similarly followed in the footsteps of the Indo-Greeks.


In the history of the human race, the interaction that went on between homo sapiens and the other related species like the Neanderthals is interesting. The Neanderthals seem to have been larger and stronger. In spite of this it appears that the Neanderthals were outcompeted in evolutionary terms.

Unexpected courage

Chandragupta Maurya was one of the great emperors of all time. He was guided by the great philosopher and strategist, Chanakya.

Chandragupta came from a simple background. His family had little to do with major statecraft.

However, with the help of Chanakya, he built an empire that spanned much of India.

His story is one where courage sprang from unexpected places.